Milledgeville History

Milledgeville History

Our proud history began in 1803, when the state of Georgia searched for a site for its new capital.  Because this area offered a central location and ample springs, it was the perfect spot. 

The planned capital city took shape and was given the name Milledgeville in honor of John Milledge, governor of Georgia (1802-1806) and donor of the land for the University of Georgia. Located on the fall line of the Oconee River, Milledgeville is the only city in the U.S., with the exception of Washington D.C., actually designed to be a capital city. For more than 60 years, we remained the capital during a period of state history that witnessed appearances by many notable figures.  Many area homes and structures survived the periodic fires and willful destruction of the War Between the States. For on a bitterly cold November day, General William T. Sherman and 30,000 Federal troops marched in Milledgeville. Learn more about Milledgeville's role in the Civil War.  

With the removal of the capital to Atlanta during reconstruction, Milledgeville experienced an economic downturn. By the late 19th and 20th century, improved lighting, streets, telephones, and water supply encouraged new building and commerce. The results of a slow growing economy contributed to a wealth of well-preserved federal style architecture enhanced by noteworthy Greek Revival, Victorian and Classic Revival houses that inhabit the city still today. 

 

Macon Cannonball HouseCome Get A Glimpse of the Rich History of the Old South.

Georgia's Antebellum Trail is a 100 mile trek through seven historic communities that escaped Sherman’s burning march through Georgia. Athens lies at the north, Macon is the southern gateway and Milledgeville sits in the middle of the Trail. You can spend your days on Georgia’s Antebellum Trail enjoying history, shopping and dining. Start your self-guided tour today

10 Facts About the Old Governor's...
Ten Facts about Georgia’s First Executive Residence. more...
Museum District
Walk beneath the shadows of the towering oaks though wrought iron gates that lead to magnificently preserved mansions, haunted historic sites and fascinating museums. more...
Georgia's Antebellum Trail
Milledgeville lies along this 100 mile trek through seven historic communities that escaped Sherman’s burning march through Georgia. more...
Historic Trolley Tour
Climb aboard the trolley tour for the best views of our charming southern town and guided tours of rotating historic stops. more...
Flannery O'Connor
American author Flannery O'Connor was born in Savannah, Georgia, on March 25, 1925. She later moved to Milledgeville, Georgia where she graduated from Georgia State... more...
Carl Vinson
Carl Vinson's service in the House of Representatives exceeds that of anyone elected to the Congress of the United States since it first convened in 1798. Learn more... more...
Historic District
Milledgeville's historic district encompasses several cultures and boasts of more than 20 architectural landmarks, with more than a dozen identified as historical sites.
Step on Guides
Step on guides are available through the Convention & Visitors Bureau. Your guide will take you back in time and share the history and trivia of the Old Capitol. You will... more...