Article originally appeared on Explore Georgia

Old Governor's Mansion

  • Old Governor's Mansion

    Old Governor's Mansion in Milledgeville

Did you know Georgia had four capital cities before Atlanta? What a fun history road trip, exploring Georgia's ever-changing political scene. Here are the five capitals and something fun to explore in each town.

Savannah

 

Savannah's River Street is a glittering, multi-faceted gem along the broad Savannah River. - Dawna Moore Photography via Flickr

Savannah's River Street is a glittering, multi-faceted gem along the broad Savannah River. - Dawna Moore Photography via Flickr

 

In 1776, when Georgia became a state, government operations were handled in Savannah. There was no formal declaration of Savannah as the capital, but it is widely held that this city served as Georgia's first.

Two Great Historic Sites in Savannah:

Juliette Gordon Lowe's Birthplace

Wormsloe Historic Site

Augusta

 

Learn about Augusta's history on a canal boat tour.

Learn about Augusta's history on a canal boat tour.

 

As time went on, people began exploring beyond the coast. In 1783, a council named Augusta the capital, as it was closer to the growing back country. 

Two Great Historic Sites in Augusta:

Augusta Canal Discovery Center

Augusta Museum of History

Louisville

 

Built in 1904, this courthouse stands on the site of Georgia's first permanent capitol, constructed in 1795.

Built in 1904, this courthouse stands on the site of Georgia's first permanent capitol, constructed in 1795.

 

In 1786, a commission was charged with finding a new capital within 20 miles of a few popular trading areas and on the Ogeechee River. It would be patterned after Philadelphia. By 1798, a state constitution named Louisvillethe "seat of government" but only for a short time due to concern about malaria outbreaks growing rapidly in the area.

It is here you’ll find Georgia's first capital building.

Two Great Historic Sites in Jefferson County:

Old Market House

Revolutionary Cemetery

Milledgeville

 

The Old Governor's Mansion in Milledgeville

The Old Governor's Mansion in Milledgeville

 

Milledgeville's administration building was occupied in 1807, and the area dubbed Government Square. Here, Georgia's capital city stood strong for 60 years.

Two Great Historic Tours in Milledgeville:

Old Governor's Mansion

Historic Trolley Tours

Atlanta

 

Georgia Capitol in Atlanta

Georgia Capitol in Atlanta

 

Atlanta began to argue for moving the capital because of its rapid growth and standing as an important railroad center. The first proposal was in 1847, but nothing came of it until after the Civil War. With a small margin vote, Atlanta was named the fifth capital in 1868. You can take a self-guided tour of the Georgia State Capitol on weekdays 8 a.m. - 5 p.m.

Two Great Historic Sites in Atlanta:

Martin Luther King Jr National Historic Site

Atlanta History Center